I don’t believe in ghosts, but I’ve often speculated about others who may have stood behind the bar during the 160-year life of the venerable Union Saloon building, home to Carpe Vino now for more than a decade. On a mission to learn more, I’ve spent countless hours at the Placer County Museum’s Archive, bent over bound volumes of tattered, 19th century issues of the Placer Herald newspaper on a personal quest to unearth the history of our structure in Old Town Auburn.
But every so-often, the past simply walks through the front door.
That’s what happened last summer (2012) when Doug Patrick of Santa Cruz made a pilgrimage to Auburn to, as he explained to me in a letter, “. . .visit family ghosts. My grandfather, Thomas Patrick, was a Union Bar proprietor from 1908 until his death in 1912.”
Packaged with the letter was a sepia tone photo of Thomas Patrick. “I have enclosed a copy of his wedding picture, the only photo of him I have been able to find,” Doug wrote. I find this image haunting. It is a young man of about 21, sitting stiffly in a high-backed chair, grasping an arm with one hand, the other draped across a folded leg. He is nattily dressed for his special day, with starched wing collar and pocket square; his hair is neatly trimmed and parted down the middle. Yet there seems to be pervasive sadness in his eyes and not a glimmer of a smile. He is oblivious to the fact that he has just 17 years remaining in his all-too short life.
I feel an unusual kinship with Thomas Patrick, and not just because he preceded me as a steward of the Union Saloon. It is the look of him that I find so strikingly familiar, and I am not surprised to learn that his family emigrated from County Ayr, Scotland, in 1866. My ancestral clan’s origins spring from the same county—in the hamlet of Moffat.
According to Doug Patrick, “In 1890, at age 16, Thomas joined his uncle in Towle, California, and began work as a teamster. In 1895, he married my grandmother, Mary Sullivan, a daughter of a mining family that lived in Virginia City (Nevada).”
Records in the Placer County Archive indicate Thomas at one time lived in Damascus, near what is now Blue Canyon, about 38 miles east of Auburn. (In 1880, the population of Damascus was just 71 souls; today it is 0.) He was listed in the 1896 Great Register for Placer County as Thomas Meikle Patrick, occupation “woodchopper”. He was described as having a light complexion, gray eyes and gray hair; he could read, write and make his mark.
Life in the pioneer West could be perilous, and Thomas had a very close brush with death on January 18, 1895, a harrowing experience that was reported in the Colfax Sentinel under this headline:
“Narrow Escape. . .Euchre Bar Suspension Bridge Crashes into the American River. . .Leopold Dorer and Thomas Patrick Fall 40 Feet into The Stream”
The fall was perilous enough but Thomas survived, clinging for life to the bridge because his injuries were serious enough to prevent him from reaching safety. The mule he rode wasn’t as lucky, according to the newspaper:
“A very curious thing happened to Patrick during his terrible fall. He carried a sharp axe on his shoulder for use in cutting brush. During the plunge, the axe blade struck him on the shoulder, cutting through the clothing and making a slight wound. It then glanced and struck his mule, literally cutting its brains out and killing it instantly.” Click here to read the full story.
Just a few weeks later, on February 5, 1895, Patrick would be wed to Mary Sullivan.
Other than two newspaper stories in the Placer Herald—one about his acquisition of the Union Saloon, the other his obituary—his family is the main source of information about Thomas.
“I know little of my grandfather,” Doug Patrick wrote to me. “My dad, Raymond, was seven when his dad died. The older siblings describe a man who had a warm manner and a playful sense of humor.”
According to a September 5, 1908 report in the Placer Herald, Thomas Patrick acquired the Union Saloon from G.W. Seaton. Thomas’ partner in the venture was William Pattison of Oroville. The paper added, “Messrs. Patrick and Pattison intend to run a first class house in every respect and ask for a continuation of the old-time patronage. H.G. Tehrar, an accomplished mixologist, will assist them.”
Unfortunately, his time in what was then called “Lower Town,” was all too short—less than four years. “Becoming a proprietor of the Union Bar represented a significant change in work activity,” Doug wrote. “I am sure that it was the family’s dream to enjoy this new life for a long time. This was not to be. Thomas died of pneumonia in 1912, leaving a widow and eight children.”
The Placer Herald reported that Thomas, who was “aged 38 years, 4 months and 1 day,” passed away on June 6, 1912, “after an illness of several weeks with abscess of the liver.” This cause of death differs from the family’s records, but 100 years later, our local paper—the Auburn Journal—still has a difficult time getting the facts right.
Thomas was a brand new father at the time of his death; a daughter, Bernice, who was “aged one month and 17 days.” The seven other children—aged 15 to 2 years old—comprised four boys and three girls, including Doug’s father, Raymond.
Leaving behind a large family was bad enough, but Thomas’ Union Saloon was deeply in debt, according to court records related to disposition of his estate. Court documents filed on June 24, 1912, indicate Thomas “died Intestate”; he left no will so the court appointed Mary “administratrix” of his estate. . ., which, unfortunately, did not amount to much. His assets totaled just $1,470, matched against debts of $3,611. He owed $318 to A.W. Kenison Co., a cigar maker in Lower Town and $2,000 to his uncle, George Patrick of Maricopia, Kern Co. (a huge sum of money in that era).
His assets were slim. According to a court filing, he owned “Stock in trade in Saloon, known as the Union Saloon, of the probable value of Three Hundred Fifty Dollars, Certificates for fifteen barrels Whiskey of the probable value of One Thousand Dollars, and Real Property description unknown, of the probable annual rental of One Hundred Twenty Dollars, all within the jurisdiction of this Court.”
Interestingly, the filing also showed the rental cost of the Union Saloon to be $50 per month. Another $30 was charged “To rent of small house and chop house in Auburn of the Union Building at $30 per month. . .” It’s easy to speculate that this may be rental for the small structure that we now call the “Wine Mine” or it could be for one of the adjacent storefronts that are now our dining rooms. (“chop house” is likely a variant of “shophouse,” a term applied to structures that combine a mercantile and a living arrangement in the same building, common to urban areas of Southeast Asia. Though shophouses are typically two- or three-story buildings, Lower Town had many Asian families that combined working and living in the same single-story structures.)
It’s difficult to conceive of being widowed with eight children (including a new-born), staggered by debt and having virtually no prospects. But Mary Patrick persevered. Her husband’s body was sent to Berkeley, and she soon followed with her children. Here’s how her grandson Doug described what happened:
“Thomas’ father, William and his Uncle Hugh were building contractors in Berkeley and they were able to help them with housing and expenses. Mary took in boarders and the children went to work as they became of age to help with family expenses. Berkeley remained the children’s home until they reached adulthood. Their occupations as adults included nursing, accounting, firefighting, managing a fish cannery, printing, dairy farming and running a gas station. My dad was a Berkeley fireman and I remained there until it was time to go to college.”
Thomas M. Patrick is buried in Sunset View Cemetery, El Cerrito, CA.
Patrick Thomas Timeline
- Born, February 5, 1874 in Youngstown, Ohio
- Moved to Towle, California in 1890
- January 18, 1895, narrowly escaped death in fall from Euchre Bar Bridge
- Married Mary Sullivan on February 5, 1895
- Purchased Union Saloon, September, 1908
- Died June 6, 1912 in Auburn
A Personal Perspective
Auburn is loaded with historic structures—in both Downtown and Old Town—and the specific uses of most have changed dramatically over the years. There is an ebb and flow of businesses; merchants come and go, and their identities are mostly lost in the dust of decades gone by. With a few exceptions, most people operating businesses in Auburn today have precious little understanding of who toiled before them.
So it was very exciting for me to learn about young Thomas Patrick and his experiences in the foothills and Lower Town. His life before acquiring the Union Saloon seemed hardscrabble enough, and it appears that without the largess of his uncle, he would have missed the opportunity to run his own business.
We struggled for years to keep Carpe Vino afloat before we hit on a business model that worked, so I can only imagine how difficult it was for Thomas Patrick to survive selling beer, whiskey and cigars. I’m certain the hours were murderous and profitability was elusive. . .something that hasn’t change during the intervening century.
Carpe Vino has developed into a solid business, and that gives me great satisfaction. But learning about Thomas Patrick makes me appreciate our larger responsibility of ensuring the survivability of the Union Saloon’s infrastructure as well as its traditions of hospitality. And this is something my partner and son, Drew, understands completely.
My thanks to Doug Patrick for taking the time to stop by Carpe Vino and share his story. He has created an important link to Carpe Vino’s predecessors and helped us celebrate what happened in our building more than 100 years ago.
Gary Moffat, March 2013